Breast Cancer: It is caused due to outgrowth of bust cells and if the condition is left untreated, it may spread to other parts of the body.
1. Blood discharge from the nipples
2. Changes in size and shape of nipples
3. Dimpling on skin
4. Redness and tenderness
Causes: Women who have breast cancer in their family are at a high risk of inheriting the gene that causes the cancer and other causes can be radiation, excess weight, not having a child before 35, smoking etc.
Fibrocystic Breast Disease: Although it is called a disease, it is a common condition found in many women before the start of monthly cycle. It is formed by the growth of the fibrous tissues and it can cause the formation of cysts, which can be drained through secretion. It is caused due to the hormonal changes during the monthly cycle and menopause.
1. Feeling of fullness and dull sensation in the upper parts.
4. The lumps blend with the other parts the breast when pressed.
Diagnosis and Treatment
1. Reduce the intake of caffeine
2. Wear supportive bra
3. Use pain reliever
4. Use of oral contraceptive
Breast Infection: Infection caused by mastitis can cause lumps and it is common in women who breastfeed.
1. Lumps that contains abscess
2. Inflammation and skin around the nipples darkens
3. Nipple discharge
Treatment: One can take antibiotics to prevent the infection.
Breasts Cysts: It is common in women during menopause and it is formed due to hormonal changes.
1. Round or oval lumps that can be smooth or firm
2. Lump moves when pressed
3. Hard and Tender
5. It is present before monthly cycle and goes away after menstruation.
Treatment: A doctor may use a needle to drain the cysts.
Fibroadenomas: It can be seen in women of age 20-30 years.
1. Rubbery mass that moves on pressing.
2. Mass can be firm and round, but painless.
Treatment: It is diagnosed through mammogram screening or ultrasound and the doctor may remove it surgically for its treatment.
Fat Necrosis: It is caused due to some kind of injury or trauma.
1. Round and movable lump
2. Painless lump or Pain in case the injury is new
Treatment: The doctor may have to conduct mammogram screening to diagnose the problem and in case it does not heals; the doctor may have to remove it surgically.
Intraductal Papilloma: Non cancerous growth of milk duct can cause the formation of lumps which can be seen around the areola.
1. Discharge from nipple
2. Bloody discharge
Diagnosis and Treatment: The doctor may have to conduct mammogram screening and use imaging technique to diagnose the condition, and the treatment includes surgical removal in case the lumps are caused by breast cancer.
Phyllodes Tumor: It is a form of tumor, which can be non cancerous and in some cases, it can be cancerous.