About seventy percent of the pregnant women may suffer from back pain and if a woman has weak back muscles, she may suffer from excessive back pain during pregnancy. There are many causes for back pain in pregnant women.
Stress caused by changed centre of gravity: women have protruding abdomen during pregnancy and it can put pressure on the lower back muscles of the body. The additional weight on the body of the woman that is not centered on the pelvic region can increase pressure on lower back muscles and lower spine, which causes back pain in the third trimester of pregnancy.
Posture: Posture changes during pregnancy when the abdomen is stretched out and the pull generated by the weight, increases the lordotic back curve, which can cause pain. Some women pull the abdomen to the front,which can also cause lordosis .The baby can apply pressure to the bones as it moves inside the womb of the mother and integral organs which are affected by the movement of the fetus are the spines and the nerves, which can cause back pain. Leaning forward can increase the pressure on the lower back and physical exercise such as walking and jogging can also increase pain in the muscles and ligaments.
Pressure caused by excessive weight: The increased baby weight can generate force, which affects the working of the spine and the muscles.
Progesterone level and changes in hormones: Increase in progesterone level during pregnancy can cause back pain. Progesterone softens the muscles and ligaments of the women.
Hormonal changes in the body of a woman can cause pain in the joints. A joint called coccyx is a immobile joint but during pregnancy it becomes movables, which is caused by the release of hormones and its movement helps the mother to deliver the baby. The changes in hormones can cause coccyx pain.
Muscles spasm: Cramps and muscles spasm can cause pain in the lower back region.
Urinary tract infection: Urinary tract infection can also cause pain in the lower back.
1. Exercise and walking in can prevent lower back pain. Do light exercises and consult your medical practitioner before doing heavy exercises.
2. Posture is important. One should try to sit in a way to distribute the weight evenly around without putting any pressure on one side.
3. Take a lot of rest and prevent stress.
4. Do not lift heavy objects when you are pregnant as it may cause pain and it can also cause cramps.
5. Do not sit or stand in a jerk. Movement should be slow and you can keep a pillow around yourself to prevent pressure.
6. Do not stand for long.
7. Sleep on one of the side instead of sleeping on your back.
8. Do not wear high heel shoes or sandals. Wear costumes which are made of cotton and are not tight fitting. You can buy pregnancy costumes to feel comfortable.
9. You can take warm bath and ask somebody to rub the back part of the body, to reduce pain.