Ovary is the reproductive organ located on the pelvis, and it resembles an almond in shape and size. Ovaries produce female hormone and ova. Ovaries control the development of reproductive organs in female body and it regulates monthly cycles and pregnancy in women. Cysts can be formed from the wear and tear in tissues and these are mostly filled with fluid. Most of the ovarian cysts are not harmful and it can be formed in the ovaries, when the eggs are released into the fallopian tubes and most of the ovarian cysts are not malignant.
Hemorrhagic cysts are formed when fluid in ovary is collected in a thin walled structure and generally, these types of cysts have no symptoms.
1. Follicle - It is a cyst, which is formed from the formation of fluid filled sac inside the ovaries. The cyst can settle itself in some months and the cyst may contain blood vessels.
2. Corpus luteum - It is a kind of cyst, where the tissue corpus luteum may be filled with blood and it stays in the ovary. The cyst is not dangerous and it will not have any symptom.
3. Dermoid - The cyst formed from the tissues of other parts of the body such as teeth or hair may form the dermoid cysts.
4. Chocolate cysts - It is a type of cyst, where the patient suffers from endometriosis. It is a condition, in which, the tissues of ovary grow outside the uterus and bleed.
1. Early periods (by the age of eleven)
2. Taking breast cancer therapy such as tamoxifen
3. Hormonal imbalance
4. Suffered previously from ovarian cyst
5. Irregularity in monthly cycles
1. Pain in abdomen, which starts suddenly and may get acute (The pain is caused, if the cyst ruptures or if it increases rapidly. It can also be caused due to bleeding and twisting of the cyst).
2. Irregularity in monthly cycle
3. Feeling of fullness and pressure in the pelvic region
4. Pain during the monthly cycle, which can also be felt in the back
5. Pain after exercising
6. Pain in bowel movement and urination
7. Vomiting, nausea and infertility
The cyst can be detected through imaging technique or ultrasound. Sometimes, the cysts disappear on its own after a few monthly cycles. Women who take oral contraceptive have a low chance of developing a cyst but if she has one, monitoring of cysts may be required.
The treatment of ovarian cyst depends on the age and size of the cyst. Laparoscopy can be done in extreme cases.
Cystectomy - It can also be done to remove ovarian cysts, although it is mostly used for the treatment of bladder cancer.
Oophorectomy - It is a surgery in which, the ovaries are removed (in case of ovarian cancer). After oophorectomy, the women could not produce or regulate estrogen in her body and hormone replacement therapies are used to control such a condition.
Other remedies used for cysts treatment includes
2. Antioxidant treatment
3. Diet management
4. Homeopathic treatments
5. Taking birth control pills also helps in preventing the growth of cysts.